Malnourished fruit flies preserve genital size to ensure reproductive success
In arthropods such as the fruit fly, whose lifespan is about 45 days and where reproductive success is the sole purpose of its life, the size of the male genitals are preserved under poor nutritional conditions. Males that can maintain their genital size when food availability is low are more likely to reproduce because for female fruit flies, size matters. Now, researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago and Loyola University in Chicago report that male “genital sparing” during times of inadequate nutrition is due to lower levels of a negative growth factor called FOXO in the genitals under such conditions, and that this phenomenon is directly linked to preserving reproductive success. Their findings are reported in the journal Biology Letters.
Gates Foundation funds UIC solar-powered water treatment project in Kenya
The University of Illinois at Chicago has received a $100,000 grant from Grand Challenges Explorations, an initiative of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The grant will enable the expansion and testing of a clean drinking water system in two informal urban settlements located in Kisumu, a city of 500,000 people in Kenya. Dr. Samuel Dorevitch, associate professor at the UIC School of Public Health, is the principal investigator on the grant.
2019 Impact and Research Day
Over 350 students from across UIC participated in the 2019 UIC Impact and Research Day, showcasing their amazing research projects.
Graphene coating could help prevent lithium battery fires
Lithium batteries are what allow electric vehicles to travel several hundred miles on one charge. Their capacity for energy storage is well known, but so is their tendency to occasionally catch on fire – an occurrence known to battery researchers as “thermal runaway.” These fires occur most frequently when the batteries overheat or cycle rapidly. With more and more electric vehicles on the road each year, battery technology needs to adapt to reduce the likelihood of these dangerous and catastrophic fires. Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Engineering report that graphene — wonder material of the 21st century — may take the oxygen out of lithium battery fires.