Approved by: Human Protections Administrator, Director of OPRS, and Executive IRB Chair
AAHRPP REF#: 124 #: 103
AAHRPP Elements: I.1.B., I.1.D., I.1.G., I.7.B., III.2.A.
- The IO is ultimately responsible for the development and implementation of the HSPP Plan and the coordination of all its components.
- UIC HSPP Mission.
The mission of the OPRS is to ensure that there are mechanisms developed and maintained to ensure an effective HSPP, which in turn should ensure the protection of the rights and welfare of all human subjects involved in research. The OPRS works with the institution, investigators, research staff, students, institutional units (ORS, COI, OUC, IDS, CRC), and the institutional review committees (IRBs, IBC, ACC, ESCRO, Radiation SafetyRSC, RDRC) as stakeholders in the HSPP, working together toward accomplishing this goal. The OPRS recognizes its clientele is first and foremost the subjects, and also includes the public, research sponsors and agencies, the UIC investigators and research staff, and the UIC IRBs.
- Underlying Principles.
- UIC investigators, research staff, IRB members, IRB staff, and UIC in working with sponsors, follow the ethical principles of the Belmont Report for all human subjects research. Additionally, UIC applies DHHS regulations (45 CFR 46, including Subparts A, B, C, & D) to federally sponsored research involving human participants UIC applies the principles of the Belmont Report and the Common Rule (45 CFR 46 SubPart A) to all research. However, UIC has elected not to extend OHRP’s authority to all research through its Federalwide Assurance.
The ethical principles provided in the Belmont Report are:
- Respect for Persons: Recognition of the personal dignity and autonomy of individuals and special protection of those persons with diminished autonomy;
- Beneficence: Obligation to protect persons from harm by maximizing anticipated benefits and minimizing possible risk of harm; and
- Justice: Fairness in the distribution of research benefits and burdens.
- UIC HSPP further agrees to apply the additional regulations to the extent required when applicable to research involving human participants under review such as:
- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Human Subject Regulations (including but not limited to 21 CFR 50, 56, 312, 600 and 812);
- The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 45 CFR 160 and 164 SubParts A and E;
- The VA regulations at 38 CFR 16, VHA Handbook provisions, as well as any VA directives when applicable, for research reviewed by CHAIRb;
- The registration of clinical trials through the ClinicalTrials.gov Protocol Registration System a service of the U.S. NIH, in accordance with FDA requirements [The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (US Public Law 110-85)] and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors policy;
- The application of additional regulations/policies on a case-by-case basis for projects funded or covered by Federal agencies such as Department of Defense, Department of Education, Department of Housing and Urban Development, National Science Foundation, and Department of Justice when applicable and only to the extent required; and
- Federal, state and local law.
- UIC PIs conducting research in Illinois must follow Illinois state law. When the research is conducted outside of Illinois, those local laws take precedence.
- UIC HSPP must apply the most stringent law, regulation or policy in a situation where more than one is applicable.
- Research conducted at UIC also follows all ethical, scientific, and financial principles under Good Clinical Practice Guidelines as adopted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Department of Health and Human Services, when applicable.
- The UIC HSPP also strives to comply with AAHRPP accreditation standards, which in many cases are greater than the regulatory requirements.
- Research Conducted/Overseen by UIC’s HSPP.
- Research conducted/overseen at UIC includes research involving human subjects according to DHHS, FDA, and VA regulations.
- UIC IRBs review biomedical and social behavioral research and research involving all phases of clinical trials for both drugs and devices.
- Participants in research include patients, healthy volunteers, federally defined vulnerable populations, the decisionally impaired, students, employees, and/or members of the community.
- Organizational Structure of the HSPP.
- The UIC HSPP is an integrated system that has organization-wide and agency support and encompasses all aspects of human subjects research enterprise, spanning the continuum of research design to study closure.
- Roles and Responsibilities of the Components of the UIC HSPP:
- Institutional Official (IO): UIC’s institutional authority for the HSPP rests with the Chancellor of UIC who by example and mandate sets the tone that supports the primacy of human subjects protections through the principles embodied in The Belmont Report. The Chancellor has delegated this authority to the Vice Chancellor for Research (VCR), who serves as the IO. The IO is responsible for assuring compliance with the terms of the FWA and all federal, state, and institutional requirements for conducting research involving human participants. (See also UIC HSPP policy Institutional Oversight and Assurance).
- Human Protections Administrator (HPA): The UIC faculty member or academic staff identified by the IO as the point of contact with OHRP for human subjects protection issues, including the investigation and reporting of non-compliance matters, and plays a key role in ensuring that the institution fulfills its responsibilities under its FWA.
- Office for the Protection of Human Research Subjects (OPRS): The OPRS is the primary coordinating office for the HSPP.
- Institutional Review Boards (IRBs): All research involving human participants that is not determined to be exempt from IRB oversight is reviewed by one of four UIC IRBs that are responsible for considering the Criteria for Approval (including but not limited to DHHS, FDA, and VA) when reviewing all submissions (initial review, continuing review, amendments, investigator responses, unanticipated events). One board is dedicated to social and behavioral research, two are dedicated to biomedical research and one is dedicated to reviewing research supported by CAPriCORN.
- Education. The Assistant Director, Education, is responsible for preparing and providing campus, department, investigator, OPRS staff, and IRB member training on a wide range of human subjects protection matters, including but not limited to HIPAA, Initial Investigator Training (Investigator 101), and accreditation. This individual also develops and presents OPRS staff training based on auditing and monitoring findings.
- Associate Director, External Relations: This individual designs and implements the OPRS internal compliance plan, leads the research accreditation process, drafts policies and procedures, audits and monitors, provides regulatory support, collaborates on educational materials and presentations, and evaluates the UIC HSPP.
- Chicago Area Patient Centered Outcomes Research Network (CAPriCORN) Steering Committee (SC) and Patient-Clinician Advisory Committee (PCAC): Research involving CAPriCORN resources is reviewed by members of the SC for feasibility and utilization of the resources. The PCAC will provide the opportunity for patients and community-based clinicians to provide guidance about: 1) governance of data use, 2) research priorities, and 3) processes to incorporate patient and clinician perspectives regarding the design, implementation and reporting of research and related results.
- Cancer Center Protocol Review Committee (CC-PRC): The CC-PRC reviews each cancer-related protocol at the time of initial review and continuing review, and reviews amendments that involve revisions to the protocol or Investigator’s brochure. The goals of the CC-PRC are 1) to conduct a scientific review of all proposed cancer research, 2) to monitor all clinical cancer research protocols for sufficient progress, 3) to monitor all clinical protocols as to their observance of all the requirements established by the regulatory bodies, and 4) to terminate cancer protocols not achieving goals in a reasonable time frame. The CC-PRC review provides scientific review of the research protocol by peers with the medical training and expertise to understand protocols involving cancer subject matter. This review process is distinct from the IRB review process; however, as the IRB reviews the determinations of the CC-PRC, the IRB is adequately informed of any issues or concerns related to a particular protocol. The two review processes complement each other and together work to improve the human subjects protection program.
- Radiation Safety Committee (RSC): This committee authorizes the use of radiation-producing devices and radioactive material in operations, education, research, and development activities. The RSC establishes radiation policies and procedures for the University in accordance with state and federal regulatory requirements governing the procurement, use, storage, and disposal of radiation-producing devices and radioactive material. The RSC authorizes individual investigators and study personnel to use these devices in the conduct of their research; however, prospective users must submit proposals to the RSC for review and approval. The RSC review is completed prior to initial review conducted by the IRB, which may not approve research requiring RSC review without prior approval from the RSC.
- Radioactive Drug Research Committee (RDRC): Basic research designed to study the metabolism of a radioactive drug or to gain information about human physiology, pathophysiology, or biochemistry in response to radioactive drug use is subject to review by the UIC Radioactive Drug Research Committee, as well as the IRB. Formed under the authorization of the FDA and the University, the RDRC is responsible for reviewing and approving all radioactive drug research projects that fall under the purview of FDA regulations as specified in 21 CRF 361.1. Investigators submit research protocols which meet the criteria for review, as outlined in the regulations, to the RDRC for review and approval prior to submission to the IRB. The IRB will not approve research subject to the RDRC without prior written approval from the RDRC.
- Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC): The UIC IBC reviews all research involving the use of rDNA in compliance with the NIH Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules. The IBC is also responsible for the safe conduct of research involving infectious agents, including select agents and toxins. The IRB will not approve research subject to the IBC without prior written approval from the IBC.
- Investigational Drug Service (IDS): This unit is a component of the University of Illinois Hospital & Health Sciences System (UI Health) Pharmacy. All drugs that are the focus of the research or that are prescribed solely because the subject is enrolled in the research must be registered with IDS via Appendix E before IRB review. If IDS services will be used, IDS registers the research, makes arrangements for distribution, and coordinates matters with the PI and coordinator. IRB approval of the particular protocol is communicated to IDS. Currently, the receipt, storage, distribution and control of investigational drugs for inpatients at UIC are handled by the IDS. For research performed in the clinics or other outpatient settings, the investigator may assume the responsibility themselves or delegate to IDS the handling of investigational drugs. When the investigator assumes this responsibility, a plan for storage, handling, dispensing and control of the investigational drug must be submitted for review and approval by the IRB in consultation with IDS.
- Office of Research Services (ORS): ORS is responsible for providing general grant, contract, and agreement administration with project sponsors. In addition, ORS is responsible for the following HSPP functions: monitoring funding agency assurance/certification requirements and ensuring compliance; posting federal and state regulatory guidelines relevant to sponsored research; coordinating with the IRB to ensure accuracy of completed assurances and certifications through the grant matching process; maintaining agency-required documentation; and maintaining a working knowledge of the types of projects needing IRB review. ORS is responsible for negotiating the terms of sponsored agreements on behalf of UIC. ORS also prepares subagreements with collaborators, which include provisions for adherence to human research protections, the research protocol, and applicable federal and state regulations. ORS utilizes an internal Protocol Approval Form (PAF), which ensures that the proposed project has been reviewed by Department chairs, and/or deans; identifies the use of human subjects, rDNA or infectious agents, or radioactive materials in the research; and requires the disclosure of investigators who have a significant financial conflict of interest. The PAF contains investigator certifications that he/she will adhere to University policies on conflict of interest, ethical standards in the conduct of research, intellectual properties, and the use of human subjects in research. When a PAF is submitted, an Institutional Proposal (IP) number is assigned. The IP number serves as a link between ORS (ORSWeb) and OPRS (RiSC) information management systems.
- Clinical Research Center (CRC): The CRC is part of the Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences. The CRC offers services to investigators, such as protocol and informed consent development services. The CRC also offers services to investigators such as nursing support, laboratory testing, bionutrition services, education, biostatistical support, informatics support, and administrative support. The CRC review process provides an additional support mechanism for the IRB to address whether the research is using sound scientific design.
- Office of University Counsel: IRB members, staff and investigators have access to the University Counsel for legal guidance and interpretation of local, state and federal laws and regulations as they relate to research. The HPA or the OPRS Director serves as the liaison between the IRB and the HSPP and University Counsel. The University Counsel also informs IRBs of educational matters.
- Conflict of Interest (COI) Office: This UIC office is responsible for identifying, reporting, and creating a management plan, if applicable, as to potential conflicts of interest that may affect human subject studies. The COI office provides information pertaining to the protocol specific conflict and makes a recommendation for management through the Significant Financial Interest – Disclosure and Management Plan (SFI-DMP) to the IRB for approval.
- Associate Director of Compliance: This individual directs for-cause and not-for-cause on-site audits.
- HIPAA Privacy and Security Compliance Program: This group is responsible for HIPAA privacy oversight at the University of Illinois campuses. There are HIPAA Liaisons for various departments within UIC. For more information, please refer to: https://hipaa.uic.edu/
- OVCR Tech Support/ RiSC Support/ OPRS Live Support: Responsible for updating the RiSC application and OPRS Live to meet new regulatory or internal requirements, to improve the efficiency and compliance of the HSPP, and/or to improve sorting and auditing capabilities for quality assurance and response to external agency requests. The RiSC application is the electronic database storage system for OPRS and the IRBs. OPRS Live is an online submission system that is currently in beta testing.
- OVCR Clinical Trials Office (CTO): OVCR CTO is responsible for negotiating the terms of clinical trial agreements (CTAs) on behalf of UIC. By reviewing the agreements, the OVCR CTO ensures that the agreement includes provisions for adherence to human research protections, the research protocol, and applicable federal and state regulations.
- UI Auditors: University auditing department that periodically audits units on campus for adherence to standards, policies, and procedures that govern that particular department or office. The University Auditors periodically audits OPRS and the IRBs and the VCR receives a report.
- Relationships among the HSPP Components.
- The above components of the UIC HSPP work together across a continuum of research needs in accordance with the core Belmont Report principles of respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.
- IRB coordinators and Assistant Directors are available for questions about study conceptualization, as well as questions regarding whether a research activity involves human subjects.
- Potential principal investigators and their key research personnel are required to successfully meet educational requirements as a prerequisite to conducting research.
- Study feasibility and scientific validity are considered by several components of the HSPP, depending on the subject matter of the protocol. Protocols may undergo reviews by additional committees as needed (i.e., IBC, CC-PRC, RSC review, CAPriCORN SC, etc.).
- As applicable, the PI must submit registration of applicable drugs to the IDS.
- When a funded protocol is submitted, coordination occurs between CTO and/or ORS and OPRS staff to match the approved research protocol(s) to the applicable grant application or CTA. OPRS records the IP number corresponding to all protocols, with the exception of protocols with intramural, departmental funding or studies with no funding source. The CTO and ORS works in conjunction with OPRS to ensure that funding is released to PIs only after the match has occurred.
- PIs are required to submit a protocol specific Significant Financial Interest – Disclosure and Management Plan (SFI-DMP) to the COI Office. The SFI-DMP is evaluated by a subcommittee and recommendations of an approved SFI-DMP are forwarded to the IRBs, for consideration in approval of the research.
- As time allows, IRB Coordinators and/or Assistant Directors at OPRS perform pre-reviews of applications for completeness and adherence to basic ethical and regulatory requirements.
- IRB Coordinators and/or Assistant Directors communicate with and educate investigators when needed to enhance the quality of applications prior to IRB review.
- IRB Coordinators and/or Assistant Directors verify whether additional required organizational review, such as IBC, RSC, COI, IDS, etc., are either approved or in process, and will notify investigators of deficiencies.
- IRB members have different expertise as well as different levels of experience with the regulatory framework associated with research; however, the members each contribute their strengths and assist each other in ensuring the protection of human research subjects, as well as additional protections for special populations, when applicable.
- Assistant Directors, Associate Directors, and/or IRB Coordinators provide regulatory support to IRB members during the meeting.
- Continuing education is provided on a regular basis to IRB members and OPRS staff by guest speakers such as the Director of OPRS, the University Counsel, the Conflict of Interest Officer, and speakers that increase the IRBs awareness of important issues. IRB Coordinators and/or Assistant Directors may also present educational items to the IRB.
- Final IRB approval is not provided until documentation of approval through the organizational review committees is provided to OPRS and the IRB, as applicable.
- The OPRS provides copies of correspondence to the review committees (IBC, IDS, CC-PRC, RDC).
- IRB Coordinators or Assistant Directors notify PIs of IRB decisions by letter, which is sent via email.
- The PI must re-submit required materials if the IRB requires revisions and/or clarifications.
Version (#, date)
Replaces (#, date)
Summary of changes
Addition of subjects in Procedure Section I; Addition of AAHRPP standards in Procedure Section II.F.; Clarifications throughout regarding the Clinical Research Center; Deletion of the Clinical Research Center Scientific Advisory Committee; Clarification regarding Investigational Drug Service in Procedure Section IV.12; Addition of Chart representing the HSPP Component Communications.
Addition of educational program and Assistant Director of Quality Assurance/ Quality Improvement position.
||Removal of Departmental Review, HSEIC, and HSIC as these items is no longer applicable. Correction of titles within the policy.
||Removal of IRB #4 and related items. Addition of CHAIRb and related items.
||Addition of CTO, OPRS Live, and IP numbers. Updating of chart.